CRISPR is a group of DNA sequences identified within the genetic material of living organisms including archaeans, bacteria, yeast and fungi. These genetic sequences are identical to DNA in humans and other vertebrates. These genetic elements are found within the genes of all eukaryotes. These DNA elements are designed in a highly complex manner by the chromosomes in all living organisms and are essential for the development of the living cell. Click next to learn more.
CRISPR has recently aroused much interest among professionals owing to its potential use for genetic engineering and precision medical applications. Many laboratories are exploring different techniques that can be used to apply genetic edit genes using CRISPR and thus enabling the expression of desired genetic pattern. There are some companies that have made use of this technology to develop CRISPR Gene Editing Systems that works at single cell levels and allows gene expression without interference from other genes. Another application of this system is in detecting and isolating leukemia cells from patients using gene-specific silencing technologies.
The research of CRISPR involves identifying, characterizing and then testing the putative roles of genetic elements in various species and organisms. CRISPR Gene Editing systems enable precise modification of genetic elements to fit specific cell requirements. Many benefits are anticipated from the use of these genetic alteration systems and several novel applications are expected to emerge with regular use of such systems. They can be effectively applied to a wide range of bacteria, viruses, yeasts and fungi to produce specific protein products with defined biological activities or to insert insertion mutations against the existing genetic material to replace it.