Vascular surgery is an extremely important medical specialty in which multiple conditions of the vascular system (vasculitis, myocarditis, musculoskeletal disease, etc) are treated by specialized medical treatment, usually minimally invasive catheterized procedures, anesthesia, and reconstructive tissue grafts. There are three major types of vascular surgery: cardiographic surgery, invasive cardiology, and rheumatoid arthritis surgery. Most patients in this field are suffering from some type of coronary artery disease, atherosclerotic disease, peripheral arterial disease, peripheral neuropathy, or venous disease. The primary function of these specialized doctors is to treat and prevent any heart disease, the most common being ischemic heart disease. If you wish to learn more about this, visit Vascular Surgery.
One of the most common surgeries performed is the pericardial excision. This procedure involves removal of a portion of a person’s heart muscle called the aorta, which supplies blood and oxygen to various parts of the body. Another procedure used for treating patients with various cardiovascular disorders is the cardiac vagalectomy. It is similar to a heart transplant, in which the surgeon removes a section of a person’s heart muscle called a ventricle or atrium. These procedures may also be performed on the pericardium and the ends of the carotid arteries.
Another procedure usually performed by invasive vascular surgeons is thromboembolization. In this procedure, a balloon catheter is inserted into a vein and the clot is removed with the aid of a laser or by a minor invasive procedure. The medical management of patients with invasive conditions depends upon the nature of the disease.